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Title: الرّحلة والرّاحلة فـي الشّعـر العربي القديم شعـراء المعلّقات أنموذجاً دراسة موضوعيّة فنيّة
Authors: حاتم عبد السلام شبانه
Keywords: trip, trekking, poetry, Arabic, ancient, the Mu’allaqat poets, objectivity, analytic, technically.
الرّحلة، الرّاحلة، الشّعر، العربي، القديم، شعراء المعلّقات، حيوان الوحش، الظعائن. هذا وبالله التّوفيق والسّداد
Issue Date: 2021
Publisher: جامعة القدس المفتوحة/Al-Quds Open University
Abstract: The scene of “trip and trekking” occupies a large area in the poems of pre-Islamic poetry, in the form of syllables on an unlimited number of verses. This study, tagged with (“trip and trekking” in Ancient Arabic Poetry - the Mu’allaqat Poets as a Model) is concerned with studying these passages with the Mu’allaqat poets specifically, in terms of analyzing them into their themes, studying them technically, and stating the meanings they contained in the physical and moral aspects. This study begins with a short overview; In it, the topics of pre-Islamic poetry and the structure of the pre-Islamic Arabic poem were discussed, then the study proceeds to define the term “trip and trekking,” in a linguistic and idiomatic manner. These two terms appear in the study closely related, since they are two terms that are closely related and are not mutually exclusive; This is because the journey and moving from one place to another does not take place on foot, but rather a human behavior that needs a means of transportation and movement. The study shows the location of the trip and the trip in the structure of the pre-Islamic poem, and the extent of its connection with the other syllables, specifically the syllable of divorce, weeping at home, and the separation of loved ones As the journey of the abominable and the poet’s journey on his camel through the desert, the mountains and the valleys, and the relationship of the wanderings with ruins, dams and painting, constitute an abundant area of pre-Islamic poetry and the poems of the owners of the Mu’allaqat. And included in the circle of the trip and the use of the trip in it - being an essential element of its elements - are observations that impose themselves on the traveled poet, those that relate to the elements of the environment and nature, from living and inanimate elements, and the animal scene in the trip section is an innovative painting that poets dealt with in a narrative style, intending to simulate their journey. She (the camel) with these animals, as they continued to describe those wild animals, whose stories may be exploited by poets to talk about man’s struggle with life and its elements. So the struggle of the beast animal with the hunter and his dogs, is the struggle that exists between man and life, that concept that the poet acquires from the harsh life he lived in the pre-Islamic era. Some of the elements that influenced the emergence and development of the poetry of the journey and the nomad met, the most important of which were the living and static elements of nature, and other personal, social and economic factors supported them in this influence, such as the search for fallow hometowns, places of pasture and pasture, trade, gain, flight, expulsion from the tribe, and others ; All these elements forced the pre-Islamic person to migrate and move, in addition to the fact that moving and moving from one place to another is the religion and habit of man. As for the technical side, the pre-Islamic poets used a graphic language represented in the poetic image, the use of similes and metaphors, and it is no wonder that the language of pre-Islamic poetry is a language that depends on description. From the description of the ruins, the poet starts with the journey of the oppressed, then a passage in which he describes his journey, and often checks accuracy and accurate description, as the passage of the journey and the journey is distinguished by its mixing with strong feelings and warm and sincere emotions. The poetic language was distinguished by the use of the colors of the Badi ', from the adept verbal enhancements such as alliteration, and other moral enhancements such as counterpoint, and the repetition with which the language of the verse of the poetry of the journey and the wandering overflowed, and it is no secret that pre-Islamic poetry was lyric poetry. It depends on foot and the rhyme needed from his supplies. Finally, it was necessary to single out the specific commentaries with an objective study, in order to clarify the approach that their owners followed, as the passage of the journey was strongly present with the majority of these poets, and it was necessary to conduct a statistical study to find out the boundaries of that section, then a balance study to show the points of convergence, and the difference between These poets, regarding the same passage.
Appears in Collections:Arabic Language and Literature - اللغة العربية وآدابها

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